Neuroscience

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  • Electric current to brain boosts memory: May help treat memory disorders from stroke, Alzheimer's, brain injury

    Neuroscience News -- ScienceDaily
    28 Aug 2014 | 11:27 am
    Stimulating a region in the brain via non-invasive delivery of electrical current using magnetic pulses, called Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation, improves memory. The discovery opens a new field of possibilities for treating memory impairments caused by conditions such as stroke, early-stage Alzheimer's disease, traumatic brain injury, cardiac arrest and the memory problems that occur in healthy aging.
  • Interview with Dr. Jan Kalbitzer, author of the "Twitter Psychosis" article

    The Neurocritic
    10 Aug 2014 | 3:13 am
    Today I'm chatting with Dr. Jan Kabitzer, a Physician and Leader of the Neurochemistry Research Group at Charité - Universitätsmedizin Berlin.Dr. Kabitzer is first author of the “Twitter Psychosis” article that made international news and took social media by storm on August 6, 2014. His provocatively titled paper, “Twitter Psychosis: A Rare Variation or a Distinct Syndrome?”(Kalbitzer et al., 2014), appeared online a week earlier in The Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease. I was struck by the title, of course, and an abstract claiming that “Twitter may have a high potential to…
  • How Your Blood Sugar Could Be Wrecking Your Marriage

    Neuronarrative
    David DiSalvo
    8 May 2014 | 5:19 pm
    We’ve all known people who should have to wear a flashing red DANGER! sign if they miss lunch, though even without the warning we instinctively know to steer clear if someone is running on empty. A grumbling stomach means dropping blood sugar, and most of us know that means trouble -- but could the glucose crash be crashing our relationships far more than we realize?read more
  • Neuroscientist describes darker side of meditation to the Dalai Lama and he responds

    Brains On Purpose™
    StephanieWestAllen
    9 May 2014 | 5:10 pm
    Click to watch Dr. Willoughby Britton talk to the Dalai Lama about her research on the negative effects of meditation. He responds that problems can occur when the practice is decontextualized and is not grounded in tradition, knowledge, ethics, and morality. So often today we see people blithely stripping off the practice from its tradition and using meditation for be-here-now,...
  • Neuroscientists Watch Imagination Happening in the Brain

    Neuroscience RSS Feeds - Neuroscience News Updates
    Neuroscience News
    28 Aug 2014 | 1:12 pm
    Using MRI technology, researchers discover where imagination occurs in the brain.
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    Brains On Purpose™

  • My absence from posting here will be over soon: Why I have been gone

    StephanieWestAllen
    3 Aug 2014 | 2:25 pm
    Due to a death in my family, I have not been an active blogger here or at idealawg. I plan to come back to posting in the very near future.
  • Adding "neuro" to a word supposedly adds credibility but often signals neurohype

    StephanieWestAllen
    23 Jul 2014 | 11:19 am
    Listen to Christian Jarrett, neuroscientist turned science writer, describing the many myths about the brain covered in today's media (kuow.org). The interview of Jarrett is less than 10 minutes long and worth a few minutes of your time. Jarrett has a new book coming out in the fall titled Great Myths of the Brain. I am looking forward to the...
  • Seven challenges when using the neuroscience lens to see the world

    StephanieWestAllen
    10 Jun 2014 | 9:06 am
    Over the years, I have learned that people reading this blog come from a wide range of belief systems, including atheist, agnostic, and those involved to large or small degree in various spiritual and religious practices. Although this blog post to which I am linking today is written by a Christian and part of the post is from a Christian...
  • Wish to learn more about learning? Two new books on changing the brain through learning

    StephanieWestAllen
    3 Jun 2014 | 2:11 pm
    T-shirt from this year's APS conference Does resolving conflict require learning? Typically, yes, of course. If no one in the dispute learns anything new, the conflict will probably remain unresolved. That's one of the reasons learning is often mentioned here at BonP. In May, I attended the 26th annual convention of the Association of Psychological Science; some of the presentations...
  • Neuroscientist describes darker side of meditation to the Dalai Lama and he responds

    StephanieWestAllen
    9 May 2014 | 5:10 pm
    Click to watch Dr. Willoughby Britton talk to the Dalai Lama about her research on the negative effects of meditation. He responds that problems can occur when the practice is decontextualized and is not grounded in tradition, knowledge, ethics, and morality. So often today we see people blithely stripping off the practice from its tradition and using meditation for be-here-now,...
 
 
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    Neuroscience News -- ScienceDaily

  • How nerve cells communicate with each other over long distances: Travelling by resonance

    29 Aug 2014 | 5:38 am
    How nerve cells within the brain communicate with each other over long distances has puzzled scientists for decades. The way networks of neurons connect and how individual cells react to incoming pulses in principle makes communication over large distances impossible. Scientists provide now a possible answer how the brain can function nonetheless: by exploiting the powers of resonance.
  • Electric current to brain boosts memory: May help treat memory disorders from stroke, Alzheimer's, brain injury

    28 Aug 2014 | 11:27 am
    Stimulating a region in the brain via non-invasive delivery of electrical current using magnetic pulses, called Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation, improves memory. The discovery opens a new field of possibilities for treating memory impairments caused by conditions such as stroke, early-stage Alzheimer's disease, traumatic brain injury, cardiac arrest and the memory problems that occur in healthy aging.
  • From bite site to brain: How rabies virus hijacks and speeds up transport in nerve cells

    28 Aug 2014 | 11:27 am
    Rabies is usually transmitted through the bite of an infected animal into muscle tissue of the new host. From there, the virus travels all the way to the brain where it multiplies and causes the usually fatal disease. A new article sheds light on how the virus hijacks the transport system in nerve cells to reach the brain with maximal speed and efficiency.
  • Neuroscientists watch imagination happening in the brain

    28 Aug 2014 | 8:09 am
    By showing people their own photos during MRI sessions, neuroscientists distinguished between brain activity that is specific to memory and activity that is specific to imagination.
  • Readers with dyslexia have disrupted network connections in the brain, map the circuitry of dyslexia shows

    28 Aug 2014 | 6:12 am
    Dyslexia, the most commonly diagnosed learning disability in the United States, is a neurological reading disability that occurs when the regions of the brain that process written language don't function normally. The use of non-invasive functional neuroimaging tools has helped characterize how brain activity is disrupted in dyslexia. However, most prior work has focused on only a small number of brain regions, leaving a gap in our understanding of how multiple brain regions communicate with one another through networks, called functional connectivity, in persons with dyslexia. Scientists…
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    ScienceBlogs

  • Friday Cephalopod: “Dumbo” doesn’t do them justice [Pharyngula]

    PZ Myers
    29 Aug 2014 | 8:52 pm
    What an awful name for such a graceful animal.
  • Ask Ethan #52: How long has the Universe been accelerating? (Synopsis) [Starts With A Bang]

    Ethan
    29 Aug 2014 | 5:49 pm
    “After all the ‘Universe’ is a hypothesis, like the atom, & must be allowed the freedom to have properties & to do things which would be contradictory & impossible for a finite material structure.” -Willem de Sitter Dark energy was one of the biggest surprises to come along in the past generation, from a scientific standpoint. It’s only intuitive to think that the Universe — with gravity fighting the initial expansion ever since the Big Bang — and all the galaxies in it would continue to slow down over time. But with a significant positive amount of…
  • Scrivener on Linux: Try it, you’ll like it. [Greg Laden's Blog]

    Greg Laden
    29 Aug 2014 | 5:01 pm
    In some ways, Scrivener is the very embodiment of anti-Linux, philosophically. Scrivener is a writing program, used by authors. In Linux, one strings together well developed and intensely tested tools on data streams to produce a result. So, to author a complex project, create files and edit them in a simple text editor, using some markdown. Keep the files organized in the file system and use file names carefully chosen to keep them in order in their respective directories. when it comes time to make project-wide modifications, use grep and sed to process all of the files at once or selected…
  • Disappointing summer for progress by OSHA on new worker safety regulations [The Pump Handle]

    Celeste Monforton, DrPH, MPH
    29 Aug 2014 | 12:29 pm
    Just before Memorial Day—the kickoff of the summer season—the Obama Administration released its agenda for upcoming regulatory action. In the worker safety world of OSHA, “regulatory action” rarely means a new regulation. Rather, it refers to a step along the long, drawn-out process to (maybe) a new rule to protect workers from occupational injuries, illnesses or deaths. The items identified by the Labor Department suggested that OSHA planned a productive summer of 2014. Here’s what OSHA outlined for its summer tasks. In May 2014: Convene a meeting of small business…
  • Open Access Rants: Hanging together on the goddam wagon [Confessions of a Science Librarian]

    John Dupuis
    29 Aug 2014 | 9:23 am
    Twitter is a great place to rant and rave sometimes. You can feel free to let loose and say what you’re thinking without necessarily feeling that you need to have completely well-formed ideas. The enforced brevity can sometimes also be a plus, as it forces you to distill what you want to say to the bare minimum. It it possible to string together longer thoughts across multiple tweets but it becomes a bit awkward to read. I let loose a couple of Open Access related rants over the last few days and I thought I’d share them here, slightly cleaned up to make them more readable. Both…
 
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    Deric's MindBlog

  • The origins of morality.

    29 Aug 2014 | 3:57 am
    Mark Johnson has generated some creative and seminal ideas in his books "The Body in the Mind: The Bodily Basis of Meaning, Imagination, and Reason" and, with George Lakoff "Metaphors We Live By." I pass on a few clips from Les Beldo's review of his most recent book, "Morality for Humans Ethical Understanding from the Perspective of Cognitive Science": Over the past 25 years, a growing number of cognitive scientists have taken it as their mission to find an empirical basis within brain science for the distinctive character of moral judgments. Investigators such as Marc Hauser, Steven Pinker,…
  • The stability of the authoritarian state.

    28 Aug 2014 | 3:15 am
    Science Magazine publishes comment on a fascinating article by King et al. who essentially reverse-engineer censorship in China to show that criticisms of the state, its leaders, and their policies are published, whereas posts about real-world events with collective action potential are censored. Criticism on the web, which was thought to be censored, is used by Chinese leaders to determine which officials are not doing their job of mollifying the people and need to be replaced. Here is the structured abstract from the article: Censorship has a long history in China, extending from the…
  • Early life anxiety in monkeys and humans correlates with connectivity between prefrontal cortex and amygdala.

    27 Aug 2014 | 5:39 am
    A group of collaborators, mainly at the University of Wisconsin, including Ned Kalin and Richard Davidson, provide new information about the evolutionarily conserved brain network underlying extreme early-life anxiety: Some individuals are endowed with a biology that renders them more reactive to novelty and potential threat. When extreme, this anxious temperament (AT) confers elevated risk for the development of anxiety, depression and substance abuse. These disorders are highly prevalent, debilitating and can be challenging to treat. The high-risk AT phenotype is expressed similarly in…
  • More on better living through zapping your brain.

    26 Aug 2014 | 3:25 am
    Anna Altman has done an entertaining piece on transcranial direct-current stimulation, or tDCS, which I have mentioned in numerous previous mindblog posts (enter tDCS in the mindblog search box). You can make your own tDCS machine from parts obtained at Radio Shack for ~ $20 or buy one off the web for $90. Various reports have shown enhanced alertness and learning, and palliative medical effect on chronic pain, stroke rehabilitation, and depressive disorders. Researchers go to lengths to warm of the potential downside effect of DIY (do it yourself) public experimentation. And indeed, so what…
  • Origins of good and evil in human babies.

    25 Aug 2014 | 4:57 am
    Felix Warneken does a review in TICS (Trends in Cognitive Sciences) of Paul Bloom new book "Just Babies: The Origins of Good and Evil," which argues that humans, already in the first year of life, have a basic moral sense that is shaped by innate evolved processes. Bloom...reviews studies in which babies can choose to touch one of two geometrically shaped agents with googly eyes – and they prefer to touch one who helps a struggling fellow up a hill rather than one who pushes that fellow down. This indicates that babies like helping and despise harming others, even if they are only a third…
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    Brain Blogger

  • Memory and Psychosis

    Ann Reitan, PsyD
    29 Aug 2014 | 4:00 am
    People who experience psychosis have somewhat lower tested intelligence, with a higher proportion of psychotic individuals scoring below the mean score of 100 on IQ tests. But I think that psychosis may impact tested intelligence by lowering it in a spurious way. Essentially, psychosis interferes with cognitive processes, compromising the mental activity of psychotic individuals. This is seen most prominently in individuals who experience auditory hallucinations. Psychosis is implicated in the processes of learning and memory. This impacts cognitive ability and the ability to formulate a…
  • The Hollywood Medical Reporter – Artistic License

    Daliah Leslie
    26 Aug 2014 | 4:00 am
    What is more important, for a show to be compelling or medically accurate? The answer is not simple. I certainly believe that absurd inaccuracies in medical dramas, as I discussed in last week’s post on House M.D, have helped produce a public that is tragically and dangerously misinformed. However, I know we must not lose sight of the true purpose these entertainments have. House does not purport to be a factual medical source. It is meant to entertain. Nevertheless, regardless of the shows intention, it must be held responsible for any negative effect it has. That said, the medical…
  • Diabetics in Distress

    Jennifer Gibson, PharmD
    23 Aug 2014 | 4:00 am
    Diabetes affects millions of people in the United States and remains one of the leading causes of death. The disease is associated with a myriad of complications and comorbid conditions, but mental health issues are often overlooked. “Diabetes distress” is a relatively new term that describes the psychological manifestations of diabetes management. A recent report in the Journal of the American Medical Association claims that two-thirds of patients with diabetes and mental health problems are undiagnosed and untreated. This failure to recognize psychological conditions associated with a…
  • Thinking Slow About Thinking Fast – Part III – The Monty Hall Problem

    Nisha Cooch, PhD
    20 Aug 2014 | 4:00 am
    To wrap our minds around human behavior it’s helpful to consider why certain behaviors may have evolved. Natural selection tells us that behaviors that increase our chances of passing along our genes will continue to show up in future generations. It therefore follows that aspects of our behavioral tendencies at some point likely conferred an advantage over alternative behaviors. Efficiency may be the specific advantage afforded to us by our so-called irrational behaviors. Before delving into classic examples of “irrational” behavior, I’d like to share my favorite example of how our…
  • When To Think Less About Your Choices

    Jim Davies, PhD
    18 Aug 2014 | 6:26 am
    Smart people have a tendency to think hard about the choices they make. Who are you going to marry? What house are you going to buy? What flavor of gelato should you get? Some make lists of pros and cons, some try to think about the most important features of the choices, and some make up new strategies on the fly. The more important the decision, the more we feel it’s warranted to think hard about it. It seems self-evident that thinking more would produce better choices. But in science, even self-evident things have to be tested. Psychologists Ap Dijksterhuis and Zeger van Olden ran an…
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    Mind Hacks

  • A torrent of accidental poems

    vaughanbell
    29 Aug 2014 | 8:27 pm
    Neurology journal Neurocase has an interesting study of a women who started compulsively writing poetry after having brief epileptic amnesia treated with the anti-seizure drug lamotrigine. A 76-year-old woman reported having a poor memory and short periods of disorientation and was eventually diagnosed with transient epileptic amnesia – brief recurrent seizures that lead to short periods where affected people can’t lay down new memories. Several months after starting lamotrigine [a common and widely used anti-seizure drug], the patient suddenly began to write original verse.
  • Round trip ticket to the science of psychedelics

    vaughanbell
    27 Aug 2014 | 11:09 am
    The latest edition of The Psychologist is a special open-access issue on the science and social impact of hallucinogenic drugs. There’s an article by me on culture and hallucinogens that discusses the role of hallucinogenic drugs in diverse cultures and which also covers how cultural expectations shape the hallucinogenic experience – from traditional Kitanemuk society to YouTube trip videos. The other articles cover some fascinating topics. Neuroscientists Robin Carhart-Harris, Mendel Kaelen and David Nutt have a great article on the neuroscience of hallucinogens, Henry David…
  • Disco biscuits

    vaughanbell
    25 Aug 2014 | 8:57 am
    This is a video of Professor Stephen Stahl, author of Stahl’s Essential Psychopharmacology, doing a DSM-5 themed version of Stayin’ Alive by the BeeGees.   After working out that, no, no-one has dropped acid in your morning Red Bull, you may notice that the professor busts some pretty respectable moves.   Link to video on YouTube (via @AllenFrancesMD)
  • How to speak the language of thought

    tomstafford
    21 Aug 2014 | 6:09 pm
    We are now beginning to crack the brain’s code, which allows us to answer such bizarre questions as “what is the speed of thought?” When he was asked, as a joke, to explain how the mind works in five words, cognitive scientist Steven Pinker didn’t hesitate. “Brain cells fire in patterns”, he replied. It’s a good effort, but all it really does is replace one enigma with another mystery. It’s long been known that brain cells communicate by firing electrical signals to each other, and we now have myriad technologies for recording their patterns of activity –…
  • Brain scanning the deceased

    vaughanbell
    17 Aug 2014 | 1:21 am
    I’ve got an article in The Observer about how, a little surprisingly, the dead are becoming an increasing focus for brain scanning studies. I first discussed this curious corner of neuroscience back in 2007 but a recent Neuroskeptic post reminded me of the area and I decided to check in on how it’s progressing. It turns out that brain scanning the dead is becoming increasingly common in research and medicine and the article looks at how the science is progressing. Crucially, it’s helping us better understand ourselves in both life and death. For thousands of years, direct…
 
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    Neuroanthropology

  • Anth 207: new open education space – update!

    gregdowney
    22 Aug 2014 | 5:34 am
    If you follow Neuroanthropology, either here or on Facebook, you may have noticed something new. We’ve had a bit of a facelift to this site and added a page: Anth 207 Neuroanth 101. This new venture is an effort to generate open educational resources for people interested in psychological anthropology: students, teachers, researchers, the curious… The first video for Anth 207  Neuroanth 101 is already posted: WEIRD psychology. We’ll be adding more videos slowly, as well as suggested readings, other related resources, reflection questions, and notes. The goal is to start…
  • Almost Here! The Encultured Brain: An Introduction to Neuroanthropology

    dlende
    20 Aug 2012 | 5:22 am
    It started on this blog. In 2007, Greg and I co-founded Neuroanthropology. Five years later our book is out! “The Encultured Brain” will be published by MIT Press this Friday, August 24th, 2012. You can already order itat Amazon! The brain and the nervous system are our most cultural organs. Our nervous system is especially immature at birth, our brain disproportionately small in relation to its adult size and open to cultural sculpting at multiple levels. Recognizing this, the new field of neuroanthropology places the brain at the center of discussions about human nature and…
  • Neuroanthropology Now on Facebook

    dlende
    4 Aug 2012 | 7:54 am
    Neuroanthropology now comes in two forms on Facebook! The Blog – With Extra Content If you want to follow everything that we’re doing on the Neuroanthropology PLOS blog, and you also want short, fun posts that Greg and I have specifically written for Facebook, then head over to the Neuroanthropology Blog Facebook Page. I just stuck the great photo featured here up on Facebook – just a sample! Neuroanthropology Interest Group An active interest group – with lots of shared links and discussion – is growing quickly on Facebook. Here you can share and discover news…
  • Neuroanthropology on PLoS – Best of 2011

    dlende
    17 Jan 2012 | 1:47 pm
    The last year was a great one for us over at Neuroanthropology’s new home on the Public Library of Science – our first full year as part of PLoS Blogs, a lot of great writing, and a vivid sense that anthropology online is developing into a robust arena. Here is a quick run-down of the most read 2011 posts by Greg and by Daniel, as well as a selection of other notable posts. Greg – Top Five ‘The last free people on the planet’ *Greg’s comprehensive take on media hype over “uncontacted” Indian tribes, and how these groups truly challenge those of us living in…
  • Neuroanthropology.net at 1,000,000

    dlende
    20 Dec 2010 | 6:29 pm
    Neuroanthropology.net just broke through the 1,000,000 visits mark! We’ve done that in three years. Our very post came in December 2007. Even though Greg and I have moved over to Neuroanthropology PLoS, this site has continued to generate impressive traffic since September 1st. Here are some of the posts that got us over the top: We agree it’s WEIRD, but is it WEIRD enough? -Greg dissects the excellent study by Henrich et al. that took psychologists to task for basing claims about universal psychology using samples of college students Inside the Mind of a Pedophile -Absolutely incredible…
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    Neuroethics & Law Blog

  • PEBS Neuroethics Roundup (JHU)

    NELB Staff
    28 Aug 2014 | 5:30 pm
    Last Edition's Most Popular Article(s): Is There Such a Thing as a 'Good Psychopath'? NPR: The Protojournalist In The Popular Press: Using Light Technique, Scientists Find Dimmer Switch for Memories in Mice, NY Times Scientists Turn Bad Memories Into Good...
  • "Will There Ever Be a Drug with No or Negligible Side Effects? Evidence from Neuroscience"

    NELB Staffer #2
    28 Aug 2014 | 3:37 am
    Recently published in Neuroethics: "Will There Ever Be a Drug with No or Negligible Side Effects? Evidence from Neuroscience," by Sylvia Terbeck and Laurence Paul Chesterman Abstract Arguments in the neuroenhancement debate are sometimes based upon idealistic scenarios involving the...
  • "Public Attitudes Toward Cognitive Enhancement"

    NELB Staffer #2
    27 Aug 2014 | 9:37 am
    Recently published in Neuroethics: "Public Attitudes Toward Cognitive Enhancement," by Nicholas S. F itz, Roland Nadler, Praveena Manogaran, Eugene W. J. Chong, and Peter B. Reiner. Abstract Vigorous debate over the moral propriety of cognitive enhancement exists, but the views...
  • "The Science of Morality and its Normative Implications"

    NELB Staffer #2
    27 Aug 2014 | 9:22 am
    This recently published in Neuroethics: "The Science of Morality and its Normative Implications" by Tommaso Bruni, Matteo Mameli, and Regina A. Rini. Abstract: Neuromoral theorists are those who claim that a scientific understanding of moral judgment through the methods of...
  • Exploring Some Challenges of the Pharmaceutical Cognitive Enhancement Discourse: Users and Policy Recommendations

    NELB Staffer #2
    22 Aug 2014 | 8:00 am
    Recently published in Neuroethics: "Exploring Some Challenges of the Pharmaceutical Cognitive Enhancement Discourse: Users and Policy Recommendations" by Toni Pustovrh and Franc Mali Abstract The article explores some of the issues that have arisen in the discourse on pharmaceutical cognitive...
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    Neuromarketing

  • Behavioral Ads, Authorship Autopsy, Thought Leadership… Roger’s Picks

    Roger Dooley
    29 Aug 2014 | 5:10 am
    Here’s your required reading for the week! Don’t forget to share your own “must read” find in a comment! One of the most powerful and quickly evolving tools available to marketers is behavioral advertising. If you aren’t using it, you [...]
  • 10 New Episodes of the Brainfluence Podcast

    Roger Dooley
    28 Aug 2014 | 5:09 am
    Time really does fly – it seems like we just published our list of the first ten episodes of The Brainfluence Podcast, and here we are with another ten! And if you aren’t getting our weekly episodes delivered to your [...]
  • The 1-2 Landing Page Punch that Will Boost Conversions

    Jeremy Smith
    26 Aug 2014 | 5:44 am
    [Guest post by Jeremy Smith] Many marketers get so caught up in the technique of marketing that they neglect the human element behind it. Ecommerce, despite its digital facade, is an intensely human platform because it’s driven by people buying [...]
  • Color Psychology, Mind-Controlling Bugs, Blog Boosters, More… Roger’s Picks

    Roger Dooley
    22 Aug 2014 | 9:38 am
    You want an eclectic reading list? This week we’ve got color psychology, mind-controlling bugs, big conversion tips, neuro-politics, business blog boosters, and more! Does blue automatically make your website more trustworthy? Do red buttons get the most clicks? Colors DO [...]
  • Cooties, Conversion, Brain Reboots, and Habits – Roger’s Picks

    Roger Dooley
    15 Aug 2014 | 7:51 am
    Here are the most intriguing and useful articles I’ve found in the last week, plus a summary of my own new content. Enjoy! We know from Daniel Kahneman’s work that our brains will take mental shortcuts whenever possible, including when [...]
 
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    SharpBrains

  • Update: Why brain training needs to be better targeted, and more widely available

    SharpBrains
    29 Aug 2014 | 6:33 am
    Time for Sharp­Brains’ August 2014 e-newsletter, fea­tur­ing a wealth of insights, sci­ence and technology reports…and this brain teaser to exercise your mental rotation abilities. Enjoy! New trends: How to incorporate mindfulness into psychotherapy Challenging the outdated “fixed brain” dogma, the cognitive training market keeps growing Increased awareness and use of cognitive assessments seen as dementia-related priorities by RAND policy brief Playing table tennis to enhance mental health Beauty in and out: Brain training workshop @ Estée Lauder New research: Use of…
  • Beauty in and out: Brain training workshop @ Estée Lauder

    SharpBrains
    28 Aug 2014 | 5:47 am
    Our very own Alvaro Fernandez will be running a brain training workshop today with a team of Estée Lauder marketing pioneers in NYC. Thanks to the CMO Club, MediaMath, and Renegade for making this possible! Workshop: Train Your Brain to Become More Innovative and Resilient (2 hours) Description: How can we train our core brain-based capacities to innovate and to thrive in today’s workplace? What can we do to invest in our most precious human resource –our amazing brain– and boost individual and collective resilience? Discover the practical applications of emerging research on brain…
  • Trend: Playing table tennis to enhance brain fitness and mental health

    SharpBrains
    27 Aug 2014 | 9:28 am
    Businessman turned love of pingpong into charity (Virginia Beach Beacon): “The elder Lees, now 76, still plays and heads up a table tennis club on the Eastern Shore…Ken Lees said it was local neurologist Dr. Scott Sautter who helped him realize the therapeutic benefits of pingpong on brain fitness and mental health… “It’s like aerobic chess,” he said. In addition to helping eye-hand coordination, and the use of reflexes, balance, planning and strategy, Lees pointed out the game’s a stress reliever, too. Lees founded the nonprofit Table Tennis Charity Foundation in 2012 to create…
  • Meet these 25+ Summit Speakers at the forefront of Brain, Health and Innovation

    SharpBrains
    26 Aug 2014 | 9:29 am
    We are proud to share the world-class and expanding roster of experts and innovators who will speak at the upcoming 2014 SharpBrains Virtual Summit (October 28-30th, 2014). Please check out their spectacular bios, the preliminary agenda, and consider joining us! As of today, we are counting on: Dr. Adam Gaz­za­ley, Direc­tor of the Neu­ro­science Imag­ing Cen­ter at the Uni­ver­sity of Cal­i­for­nia, San Francisco Aki Niko­laidis, NSF Fel­low at the Uni­ver­sity of Illi­nois Cham­paign Urbana Alex Doman, Co-founder of Sleep Genius Alvaro Fer­nan­dez, CEO of SharpBrains…
  • Increased awareness and use of cognitive assessments seen as dementia-related priorities by RAND policy brief

    SharpBrains
    25 Aug 2014 | 11:05 am
    Improving Dementia Long-Term Care: A Policy Blueprint (RAND Corporation’s report): “In 2010, 15 percent of Americans older than age 70 had dementia, and the number of new dementia cases among those 65 and older is expected to double by the year 2050. As the baby boomer generation ages, many older adults will require dementia-related long-term services and supports (LTSS)… RAND identified 25 high-impact policy options covering five broad objectives to improve dementia long-term services and supports (LTSS) delivery system, workforce, and financing… Objective 1: Increase public…
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    Neuronarrative

  • The Happiness Equation

    David DiSalvo
    22 Aug 2014 | 8:01 pm
    I can’t pretend to understand how the researchers developed the equation, but one word in their lengthy explanation resonates with my math-addled brain: expectations. After all the complex analyses, it really all comes down to what we expect and how strongly we expect it.read more
  • Why Is Being Alone With Our Thoughts So Hard?

    David DiSalvo
    9 Aug 2014 | 10:55 am
    Have we become so enraptured with gadgets, social media and the dull roar of crowds that we can’t stomach facing ourselves? read more
  • Why Profile Photos Are Liars

    David DiSalvo
    21 Jul 2014 | 5:05 pm
    Psychology researchers want us to know something about our profile photo-centrism – it’s a lie, and it’s leading us to draw conclusions that likely have zero basis in reality.read more
  • Can Money Really Buy Happiness? Well, Maybe

    David DiSalvo
    8 Jun 2014 | 5:04 pm
    "Everyone has been told if you spend your money on life experiences, it will make you happier, but we found that isn't always the case," said Ryan Howell, an associate professor of psychology at SF State and co-author of the study. But "extremely material buyers, who represent about a third of the overall population, are sort of stuck." They aren't happy either way.read more
  • How Your Blood Sugar Could Be Wrecking Your Marriage

    David DiSalvo
    8 May 2014 | 5:19 pm
    We’ve all known people who should have to wear a flashing red DANGER! sign if they miss lunch, though even without the warning we instinctively know to steer clear if someone is running on empty. A grumbling stomach means dropping blood sugar, and most of us know that means trouble -- but could the glucose crash be crashing our relationships far more than we realize?read more
 
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    "On the Brain" with Dr. Merzenich

  • New Eye Test Can Detect Early Alzheimer’s

    Dr. Merzenich
    6 Aug 2014 | 11:35 am
    I wrote recently about some things that can increase or decrease amyloid beta protein in the body, and how the protein plays a role in Alzheimer’s disease. Now, scientists are working on an eye test that scans for amyloid beta deposits in the retina as a way to detect early Alzheimer’s. The research is still […]The post New Eye Test Can Detect Early Alzheimer’s appeared first on "On the Brain" with Dr. Merzenich.
  • Why Does Brain Speed Matter, and What Can I Do to Improve It?

    Dr. Merzenich
    12 Mar 2014 | 4:40 pm
    I just saw an article in Scientific American about why brain speed is important, how it decays as we age, and what the effects are on daily life over time. But this is nothing new: we have been talking about brain speed for years! Some highlights from the article include: “Studies suggest that the speed […]The post Why Does Brain Speed Matter, and What Can I Do to Improve It? appeared first on "On the Brain" with Dr. Merzenich.
  • Brain Science Podcast: Dr. Merzenich Talks with Ginger Campbell …

    Dr. Merzenich
    3 Feb 2014 | 3:23 pm
    We are big fans of Ginger Campbell, MD’s Brain Science Podcast series – she features fascinating neuroscience luminaries in her in-depth, hour-long interviews, including Norman Doidge, Jeff Hawkins, Sharon Begley, Edward Taub, and many more. Learn more and listen now >>> Brain Science Podcast: Dr. Merzenich Talks with Ginger Campbell About Brain Plasticity Posit Science […]The post Brain Science Podcast: Dr. Merzenich Talks with Ginger Campbell … appeared first on "On the Brain" with Dr. Merzenich.
  • Landmark Study Shows Benefits of BrainHQ Training Last 10 Years

    Dr. Merzenich
    14 Jan 2014 | 3:27 pm
    I am incredibly excited to announce that the scientists who ran the ACTIVE trial have reported that certain types of brain training—including one of the exercises in BrainHQ from Posit Science—can drive cognitive benefits that last 10 years. The study, published in the Journal of the American Geriatrics Society, is the first to show such […]The post Landmark Study Shows Benefits of BrainHQ Training Last 10 Years appeared first on "On the Brain" with Dr. Merzenich.
  • Soft-Wired: How the New Science of Brain Plasticity Can Change your Life

    Dr. Merzenich
    8 Aug 2013 | 4:29 pm
    I’m excited to announce that my brand new book Soft-Wired is now out and available in paperback or Kindle format. This book was a labor of love, and it took me many years and many iterations to say exactly what I wanted, how I wanted to say it. The result is a book that covers […]The post Soft-Wired: How the New Science of Brain Plasticity Can Change your Life appeared first on "On the Brain" with Dr. Merzenich.
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    NeuroLogica Blog

  • Bt and Leukemia – Another Anti-GMO Myth

    Steven Novella
    28 Aug 2014 | 7:13 am
    The headline of an article on the Organic Consumers Association proclaims, “New Study Links GMO Food To Leukemia.” The same article trumpets the thoroughly discredited Seralini study. The claim is not true, but is part of a pattern of behavior that is depressingly familiar. The pattern is not unique to anti-GMO activism. In fact, it seems to be the default human behavior. We tend to search for information that supports our currently held views. The more passionate we are about those views, the more industrious we are in finding apparent support, even if it means twisting and…
  • Scientific Literacy

    Steven Novella
    26 Aug 2014 | 5:29 am
    I was recently interviewed for an article on Medical News Today by David McNamee regarding Why is scientific literacy among the general population important? The topic, of course, is very important to me, as I have spent a great deal of my time attempting to promote scientific literacy generally, with an emphasis on medical science since that is my specialty. Carl Sagan articulated the basic issue well (of course) – to paraphrase, we live in a civilization increasingly dominated by science and technology, and with a populace less and less able to understand current science and…
  • Nassim Taleb, The Precautionary Principle, and GMOs

    Steven Novella
    25 Aug 2014 | 5:24 am
    Nassim Taleb is a serious scholar of risk assessment, especially in the world of economics. So when he and two co-authors published a paper on the precautionary principle as it applies to genetically modified organisms it is worth taking seriously. That does not mean I have to agree with his conclusions, however. What I found was that Taleb’s argument is mathematically rigorous, although I think too absolute, but also is biologically naive. Here is his argument in a nutshell: The mathematical part if this – if we consider risk prevention, we must decide how much risk is…
  • What’s The Harm – Ebola Edition

    Steven Novella
    22 Aug 2014 | 5:21 am
    A common defense of implausible treatments is the question – “what’s the harm.” In other words, implausible therapies might help and can’t hurt, so there is no harm in trying. Is this a valid argument, however? In trying to assess which side of a controversy has the better position I look toward logic and evidence. Evidence is critical, of course, but in fields outside my expertise I have to rely upon experts to interpret that evidence and put it into a broad and deep scientific context. In controversies, often the data itself is not the core issue, but which…
  • Researching Magic

    Steven Novella
    21 Aug 2014 | 5:30 am
    David Gorski and I have just published a paper in Trends in Molecular Medicine titled: Clinical trials of integrative medicine: testing whether magic works? While we have published literally thousands of online articles discussing these issues here, at Science-Based Medicine, and other venues, it’s great to get an article in the peer-reviewed literature, which hopefully will spark more of a discussion in academic circles. The full article is available online at the link above, but here’s a quick summary of the main points: The question is – should we devote limited research…
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    WordPress Tag: Neuroscience

  • A Project in the course "Learning How to Learn" (Coursera)

    uday87j
    25 Aug 2014 | 1:42 am
    Part 1: Coversheet What I have learnt after years of school, college & work is that “Learning” is a “Process” and NOT a discrete “Event”. It is dynamic in nature and keeps switching from one form to another. This notion has been backed up and elaborated very well in the course “Learning How to Learn” (Coursera). I believe all of us have the ability to be a part of this wonderful process and seek knowledge of things that have an impression upon us. This project intends to put forth few of the ideas involved in “learning”.
  • Science Book a Day Interviews James Kaufman, Oshin Vartanian, and Adam Bristol

    George Aranda
    24 Aug 2014 | 6:00 pm
    Special thanks to Oshin Vartanian, Adam S Bristol and James C Kaufman for answering 5 questions about their recently featured book – Neuroscience and Creativity Oshin Vartanian is Adjunct Professor of Psychology at the University of Toronto Scarborough. Adam S. Bristol is Portfolio Manager at Aquilo Capital Management, a life sciences investment fund based in San Francisco. James C. Kaufman, Ph.D., is a Professor of Educational Psychology in the Neag School of Education at the University of Connecticut. Kaufman is an international leader in the field of creativity, known for his research on…
  • Story Telling Works in Technology

    ddcolrs
    24 Aug 2014 | 5:56 pm
    Source: Business Insider, Jul 2014 I’ll ask the candidate to go through their prior successes and challenges and major responsibilities and tell that story, partially because I want to see how good they are at storytelling.” “Neurological research has shown that our emotional reaction to stories is deeply rooted in biology,” he says. “In business, creating a compelling narrative is invaluable for motivating a team, explaining strategic priorities in a way that’s easy for others to understand, or communicating complex ideas to customers and prospects. Successful senior-level…
  • mTOR and the Cause of Autism

    Gabriel
    24 Aug 2014 | 10:30 am
    Autism is a hot topic, lets face it, the increase in prevalence has started to cause a panic in some
  • Children with autism have extra brain synapses .

    zedie
    24 Aug 2014 | 10:22 am
    Children with autism have extra synapses in their brain due to a slowdown in the normal brain
 
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    Journal of Neuroscience current issue

  • Molecular Mechanisms Contributing to TARP Regulation of Channel Conductance and Polyamine Block of Calcium-Permeable AMPA Receptors

    Soto, D., Coombs, I. D., Gratacos-Batlle, E., Farrant, M., Cull-Candy, S. G.
    27 Aug 2014 | 9:01 am
    Many properties of fast synaptic transmission in the brain are influenced by transmembrane AMPAR regulatory proteins (TARPs) that modulate the pharmacology and gating of AMPA-type glutamate receptors (AMPARs). Although much is known about TARP influence on AMPAR pharmacology and kinetics through their modulation of the extracellular ligand-binding domain (LBD), less is known about their regulation of the ion channel region. TARP-induced modifications in AMPAR channel behavior include increased single-channel conductance and weakened block of calcium-permeable AMPARs (CP-AMPARs) by endogenous…
  • Fine-Scale Plasticity of Microscopic Saccades

    Havermann, K., Cherici, C., Rucci, M., Lappe, M.
    27 Aug 2014 | 9:01 am
    When asked to maintain their gaze steady on a given location, humans continually perform microscopic eye movements, including fast gaze shifts known as microsaccades. It has long been speculated that these movements may contribute to the maintenance of fixation, but evidence has remained contradictory. We used a miniaturized version of saccadic adaptation, an experimental procedure by which motor control of saccades is modified through intrasaccadic displacements of the target. We found that the statistical distribution of microsaccade amplitudes changes after brief exposure to systematic…
  • Beta Oscillation Dynamics in Extrastriate Cortex after Removal of Primary Visual Cortex

    Schmiedt, J. T., Maier, A., Fries, P., Saunders, R. C., Leopold, D. A., Schmid, M. C.
    27 Aug 2014 | 9:01 am
    The local field potential (LFP) in visual cortex is typically characterized by the following spectral pattern: before the onset of a visual stimulus, low-frequency oscillations (beta, 12–20 Hz) dominate, whereas during the presentation of a stimulus these oscillations diminish and are replaced by fluctuations at higher frequencies (gamma, >30 Hz). The origin of beta oscillations in vivo remains unclear, as is the basis of their suppression during visual stimulation. Here we investigate the contribution of ascending input from primary visual cortex (V1) to beta oscillation dynamics in…
  • MHC Class I Limits Hippocampal Synapse Density by Inhibiting Neuronal Insulin Receptor Signaling

    Dixon-Salazar, T. J., Fourgeaud, L., Tyler, C. M., Poole, J. R., Park, J. J., Boulanger, L. M.
    27 Aug 2014 | 9:01 am
    Proteins of the major histocompatibility complex class I (MHCI) negatively regulate synapse density in the developing vertebrate brain (Glynn et al., 2011; Elmer et al., 2013; Lee et al., 2014), but the underlying mechanisms remain largely unknown. Here we identify a novel MHCI signaling pathway that involves the inhibition of a known synapse-promoting factor, the insulin receptor. Dominant-negative insulin receptor constructs decrease synapse density in the developing Xenopus visual system (Chiu et al., 2008), and insulin receptor activation increases dendritic spine density in mouse…
  • Differential Regulation of Cone Calcium Signals by Different Horizontal Cell Feedback Mechanisms in the Mouse Retina

    Kemmler, R., Schultz, K., Dedek, K., Euler, T., Schubert, T.
    27 Aug 2014 | 9:01 am
    Controlling neurotransmitter release by modulating the presynaptic calcium level is a key mechanism to ensure reliable signal transmission from one neuron to the next. In this study, we investigated how the glutamatergic output of cone photoreceptors (cones) in the mouse retina is shaped by different feedback mechanisms from postsynaptic GABAergic horizontal cells (HCs) using a combination of two-photon calcium imaging and pharmacology at the level of individual cone axon terminals. We provide evidence that hemichannel-mediated (putative ephaptic) feedback sets the cone output gain by…
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    Sports Are 80 Percent Mental

  • Maybe Your Kids Inherited Your Couch Potato Genes

    26 Aug 2014 | 8:26 am
    On the road to sports success, young athletes need two ingredients, innate skills and the willingness and determination to get better.  We all know boys and girls who showed early promise that got them noticed but then didn’t have the drive to practice every day to develop that talent.  Often labeled lazy or unmotivated, the assumption was that they chose their own path by not working hard.  However, new research shows evidence that genetics may play a role not only in the natural abilities of a developing superstar but also in their practice persistence and…
  • See The Game Through The Eyes Of The Quarterback

    6 Aug 2014 | 1:57 pm
    Going into the start of football season, there is plenty of expert commentary on what makes up the “right stuff” when evaluating quarterbacks. Everything from arm strength to height to foot skills to the size of their hands was measured and dissected to find the magic combination of variables. While the body mechanics of delivering a football on target are vital, QBs rely even more on their vision both before and after the ball is snapped.It’s not just knowing where and when to look at an opposing defense but also understanding what to look for across the line. Defensive players are…
  • How To Train The Runner's Brain - An Interview With Jason Fitzgerald

    5 Jun 2014 | 10:49 am
    As productive human athletes, we just assume that we can knock down any walls put in front of us and conquer new feats of greatness if "we just put our mind to it."  Our conscious brain sets goals, gives pep talks and convinces us that with the right training plan, we can finish a race of any distance. But, when we're stretching our training run farther than ever before, the little voice in our head pops up to try to talk some sense into us; "that's enough for today" or "there's a lot of pain happening right now, time to quit."  As I discussed in last week's post about the…
  • Fight Fatigue By Overriding Your Brain's Urge To Quit

    29 May 2014 | 1:44 pm
    What makes an endurance athlete quit? Not quit the sport, but quit during a competition.  Every runner, swimmer, or cyclist starts a race with the desire to win or at least achieve a personal best time.  They’ve done the pre-race math - keep at a certain pace for the entire distance to achieve the target time.  Their wearable technology keeps them updated on heart rate, distance and split times to stay on that pace.  However, at the finish line, many athletes are not able to maintain their strides/strokes per minute, giving in to the perception that their energy tank is…
  • Marathons Are Tough On The Heart, But Training Helps

    20 Apr 2014 | 2:20 pm
    Now that it’s mid-April, thousands of amateur runners are realizing the time has come to get serious about their Spring marathon training plans.  The easier 4-6 mile weekday jogs increase quickly into 10-15 mile weekend long runs.  For those new to endurance distances, this jump in mileage can put a strain not only on the legs but also on the heart.  In fact, there’s been some confusing research in the press lately with some claiming a marathon can do some coronary damage while others praising the health benefits of the cardiovascular training.First, the encouraging news.
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    The Brain Understanding Itself

  • The Irlen Method Explained

    Alex Doman
    19 Aug 2014 | 12:08 pm
      Earlier this summer I had the good fortune of attending the Advanced Clinical Summit with my friends and colleagues at EEG Info in Southern California.  My wife and I were there together speaking with many of the leading Neurofeedback practitioners from around the world. During the course of that weekend I noticed a familiar face in the room. That familiar face was Helen Irlen, creator of the Irlen Method. Helen’s name has come up often with our network of providers who offer The Listening Program® and inTime™ music listening therapy methods. Many of whom combine our brain…
  • Full Access to inTime Video Series

    Alex Doman
    21 Jul 2014 | 2:58 pm
    During the launch of inTime earlier this year we were very honored to have The Rockefeller University host us in their Science and Lecture Series for inTime: Intercultural Rhythms, Music, Sound and Science. The event was a panel discussion with fellow inTime producers Sheila Allen, Nacho Arimany and me, moderated by neuroscientist Dr. Kamran Fallahpour. Following the panel inTime music composer and multi-instrumentalist Nacho Arimany treated us to an incredible concert of his original world-music compositions. Why am I sharing this with you now? Well, our friends at Ferro Productions and…
  • Forgive me

    Alex Doman
    15 May 2014 | 3:25 pm
      Forgive me, I can’t contain my excitement! After months of hard work by an amazing group of people today we launched the entirely new Sleep Genius app for iOS. And then the most amazing thing happened… It has been featured as a Best New App in the App Store! Personally, I have to  agree with Apple on that point. Can’t sleep like 25% of your family and friends? Check out the app and tell me what you think! Android users, the new app will be in Google play anytime now. Wearables anyone? Sleep Genius seamlessly integrates with Jawbone Up and Fitbit. Note you’ll…
  • Back At It

    Alex Doman
    13 May 2014 | 11:20 am
    Did you miss me? Perhaps you didn’t notice I was gone… Either way, I wanted to share that I’m back at it! Back at what you ask? Blogging… In November I decided to take a hiatus from writing posts so I could focus with a really awesome team of people to launch two exciting products for Advanced Brain Technologies and Sleep Genius. One of these launched in February. It is a rhythm-based music listening therapy called inTime and I must say it is incredible! I couldn’t be happier about the response to it and the stories I am already hearing about the lives it is…
  • On Hiatus

    Alex Doman
    20 Nov 2013 | 10:55 am
    There are periods in life when you are presented with such abundance of opportunity that you have to make difficult choices about where to spend your time. At the moment this is the case for me. The next 3 months will require my laser sharp focus to launch a significant new program from Advanced Brain Technologies while managing other initiatives through the holidays. For now I must let some things go, including posting to my blog, so this is my official notice that I’m on blogging hiatus. I hope you enjoy the holiday season and look forward to reconnecting with you after the…
 
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    Brain Posts

  • The Social Brain: Weekend Reading Links

    29 Aug 2014 | 8:36 am
    The theme for September Brain Posts will be human attachment and social neuroscience research.Here are a series of relevant links to abstracts on this topic that I will be reviewing.All abstract links are to manuscripts that have free full-text access.These highlighted abstracts are culled from over 100 recent publications abstracts I reviewed on this topic.To access the abstract, click on the topic title and you will be sent to the PubMed link.For U.S. readers, Happy Labor Day!The photo on today's post is an overlook view of Santa Fe, NM from the Dale Ball mountain trail using the iPhone…
  • Gambler Sub-types: Three Distinct Profiles

    28 Aug 2014 | 8:40 am
    One method to advance understanding of a disorder is to use statistical modeling for sub-type or class analysis.Lia Nower and colleagues recently published the results of such an analysis from the large general population data-set known as the U.S. National Epidemiologic Survey on Alcohol and Related Conditions (NESARC).In this sample, 851 adults 18 years and older were identified with disordered gambling.This group then underwent a type of latent class statistical analysis known as the Pathways Model.Using this Pathways Model, the research team was able to identify three groups of disordered…
  • Diagnostic Profile in Pathological Gamblers

    27 Aug 2014 | 7:58 am
    Behavioral disorders like pathological gambling (PG) rarely occur alone as a single uncomplicated disorder.In a previous post, I noted the overlap of PG with personality disorder, anxiety disorder, depression, bipolar disorder and substance abuse.A recent study from Germany adds to our knowledge of the general diagnostic profile in the PG population.Erbas and Buchner reviewed German national data sources and other German studies to come up with a series of findings:Twelve month prevalence rates for PG are estimated to range from 0.2% to 0.6% Men make up 70% to 80% of the PG populationWomen…
  • Genetics of Pathological Gambling

    25 Aug 2014 | 8:00 am
    There is growing evidence that genetic factors play a key role in the risk for the development of pathological gambling.Two recent studies have demonstrated some key features of the genetics of pathological gambling.These two studies also highlight the overlap between pathological gambling and other psychiatric and substance dependence disorders.Don Black and colleagues at the University of Iowa conducted a classic family study of DSM-IV pathological gambling.In family studies, probands with a specific disorder are identified and then compared to a control group of probands without the…
  • Guidelines for Treatment of Problem Gambling

    18 Aug 2014 | 7:16 am
    Despite the prevalence and impact of problem gambling, few summaries or guidelines address treatment.Searching the guideline.gov website shows no recent additions to the guideline literature.A guideline was published by the Singapore Ministry of Health in 2011. This guideline is still relevant and highlights some of the key elements of a problem gambling treatment program.I will summarize some of these key elements from this source titled: "Management of gambling disorders".  In their summary they highlight the level of evidence and research for each element. I will focus on those with…
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    Psychology Headlines Around the World

  • U.N. Urges U.S. to Stop Police Brutality After Missouri Shooting

    Yahoo News - Health
    29 Aug 2014 | 12:14 am
    Source: Yahoo News - HealthThe United Nations racism watchdog urged the United States on Friday to halt the excessive use of force by police after the fatal shooting of an unarmed black teenager by a white policeman touched off riots in Ferguson, Missouri. Minorities, particularly African Americans, are victims of disparities, the U.N. Committee on the Elimination of Racial Discrimination said after examining the U.S.
  • National Football League Increases Penalties for Domestic Violence

    CNN - US News
    28 Aug 2014 | 11:33 pm
    Source: CNN - US NewsIn the wake of criticism over a two-game suspension for Baltimore Ravens running back Ray Rice, the NFL has established a six-game unpaid ban for personnel who violate the league's policy on domestic violence, Commissioner Roger Goodell said Thursday.
  • Death Certificates Would Reflect Gender Identity Under California Bill

    Reuters - US News
    28 Aug 2014 | 11:33 pm
    Source: Reuters - US NewsDeath certificates in California would be changed to reflect the gender identity of people at the time of their death rather than their sex at birth under a bill passed by lawmakers on Wednesday, the latest effort by the state to further the rights of transgender residents.
  • Residents See Europe Best for Gay and Lesbian People, Africa Worst

    Yahoo News - Health
    28 Aug 2014 | 11:32 pm
    Source: Yahoo News - HealthMost people in European nations say their community is a welcoming place for gays and lesbians, according to a poll released on Wednesday that also showed many in African countries see their homelands as hostile to homosexuals. One exception appeared to be South Africa, the only country on the continent where same-sex marriage is legal. Nearly half of those polled there said their community was hospitable to gays, although slightly more than...
  • U.S. to Consider Spousal Abuse in Asylum Requests

    Yahoo News - Top Headlines
    28 Aug 2014 | 1:40 am
    Source: Yahoo News - Top HeadlinesIn a first-of-its-kind ruling that could make it easier for some immigrant women to win permission to remain legally in the United States, the Justice Department Board of Immigration Appeals has determined that Guatemalan women who fled their country due to domestic violence can qualify for asylum.
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    The Neurocritic

  • Autobiographical Memory for a Life-Threatening Airline Disaster

    24 Aug 2014 | 11:04 pm
    “My attention shifts to the fact that the comforting engine hum is eerily gone. Where has the comforting hum of the engines gone. Something has gone very, very wrong, the plane continued to shake.” -Daniel Goncalves, recalling the terror of Air Transat Flight 236I'm sitting here in an airport, reading a harrowing first person account of Air Transat Flight 236, which fell out of the sky when it lost all power on Aug. 24, 2001.The plane was bound from Toronto, Ontario to Lisbon, Portugal when a fuel leak in the right engine began 3 hrs and 46 min after takeoff (at 04:38 UTC). The leak went…
  • The Neuro Sci-Fi of the Near Future

    14 Aug 2014 | 2:56 am
    NEUROTECH LIGHT AND DARK »Tweet length visions of our DARPA-funded futureThe Neurocritic has recently blogged about The Neuroscience of the Future:Neural prosthetics, brain-computer interfaces (BCI), “closed-loop” deep brain stimulation (DBS) devices, and a world without human brain disorders. The first three of these are already here... is the last one possible?Here’s a sample of Neurotech Light and Dark, a sci fi collection of 16 very short stories about neuroscience and technology, by S. Kay.A brain-computer interface controls her robotic arm. As easily as not thinking, she uses it…
  • Interview with Dr. Jan Kalbitzer, author of the "Twitter Psychosis" article

    10 Aug 2014 | 3:13 am
    Today I'm chatting with Dr. Jan Kabitzer, a Physician and Leader of the Neurochemistry Research Group at Charité - Universitätsmedizin Berlin.Dr. Kabitzer is first author of the “Twitter Psychosis” article that made international news and took social media by storm on August 6, 2014. His provocatively titled paper, “Twitter Psychosis: A Rare Variation or a Distinct Syndrome?”(Kalbitzer et al., 2014), appeared online a week earlier in The Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease. I was struck by the title, of course, and an abstract claiming that “Twitter may have a high potential to…
  • Twitter Psychosis as a Cultural Artifact

    31 Jul 2014 | 3:36 pm
    UPDATE (Aug 6 2014): This story has spun entirely out of control, with breathless coverage at The Daily Dot and Jezebel. Today the hapless first author told NBC News: "No, at this point Twitter psychosis is not 'real.'" And no, a woman was not committed to psychiatric hospital with ‛Twitter psychosis’! However, the general confusion created by the ensuing media circus might be what the authors were trying to get at...Study: Woman committed to psychiatric hospital with ‛Twitter psychosis’ http://t.co/dzauEfthzr— The Daily Dot (@dailydot) August 7, 2014The original post resumes…
  • The Neurocritic Critiques Critical Neuroscience

    21 Jul 2014 | 2:46 am
    I wanted to submit a paper for the Frontiers in Human Neuroscience Research Topic on Critical Neuroscience: The context and implications of human brain research, but I couldn't decide what I should write about.Could I just submit a blog post like Professor of Literary Neuroimaging that critiqued the entrée of fMRI into Literature Departments?“So literature is abandoning Marxism and psychoanalysis in favor of neuroimaging!! Meanwhile, key neuroimagers have taken up psychoanalysis (Carhart-Harris & Friston, 2010) and socialism (Tricomi et al., 2010).”Would they accept short humorous…
 
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    The Beautiful Brain

  • E.O. Wilson on the Brain

    Ben Ehrlich
    19 Aug 2014 | 7:39 pm
    In this month’s issue of Harper’s magazine, legendary biologist E.O. Wilson—the ant man who also authors books about the meaning of existence—takes on consciousness and the brain. The article, “On Free Will,” carries the unsurprising subtitle: “And how the brain is like a colony of ants.” He runs down the essential anatomical, functional, genetic and evolutionary information about the brain, defining the complex organ and its unique importance. Then, he relates the efforts of philosophers to find a physical basis for consciousness, which may or may…
  • Sculptor of Her Own Brain

    Ben Ehrlich
    16 May 2014 | 7:54 am
    Rebecca Kamen believes that artists and scientists have a similar mission, and she tries to reflect these similarities in her sculptures. Inspired by the work of Santiago Ramón y Cajal, “the father of modern neuroscience,” some of her sculptures are on display at the National Institutes for Health, where she has been the artist in residence in the neuroscience program. PBS NewsHour has published an article about her story, called “Portrait of a dyslexic artist, who transforms neurons into ‘butterflies.’” Ramón y Cajal famously referred to the cells in…
  • Science on Screen

    Ben Ehrlich
    27 Mar 2014 | 3:12 pm
    On March 31st, seventeen independent theaters in cities across the country will host Science on Screen, an evening pairing mainstream film and scientific presentation. Supported by the Coolidge Corner Theater and The Alfred P. Sloan Foundation, Science on Screen will feature different programs nationwide If you live in New York City, for example, Brooklyn’s BAM is showing Eternal Sunshine of the Spotless Mind, followed by a discussion of emotion and memory with Joseph LeDoux, director of the Emotional Brain Institute at New York University. See if your local theater is…
  • Fridtjof the Great

    Ben Ehrlich
    24 Feb 2014 | 8:29 pm
    I never knew about Fridtjof Nansen. His 1887 doctoral thesis argued for the independence of the nerve cell, making him one of the earliest defenders of what would be called “the neuron doctrine.” He promptly quit neuroscience and went on an arctic expedition across Greenland. Then he went to the North Pole. He topped it all off with a Nobel Peace Prize, after serving his native Norway in the League of Nations for a decade. His lasting legacy, however, is probably the “Nansen passport” for stateless persons, still recognized by over fifty countries. “It is better…
  • Art and the Default Mode Network

    Noah Hutton
    16 Feb 2014 | 11:37 pm
    A recent symposium presented by Columbia and NYU explored what happens in our brains when we’re at rest, and why those same brain regions are crucial when we view art. “It’s not about merging disciplines,” David Freedberg told a crowd gathered at NYU’s Silver Center for Arts and Science last week, “it’s about listening.” Freedberg, an eminent art historian who serves as the director if the Italian Academy at Columbia University, was speaking about the alternately tense and productive relationship between the humanities and neurosciences. This is an intersection that he…
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    The Neurocritic

  • Autobiographical Memory for a Life-Threatening Airline Disaster

    The Neurocritic
    24 Aug 2014 | 11:04 pm
    “My attention shifts to the fact that the comforting engine hum is eerily gone. Where has the comforting hum of the engines gone. Something has gone very, very wrong, the plane continued to shake.” -Daniel Goncalves, recalling the terror of Air Transat Flight 236I'm sitting here in an airport, reading a harrowing first person account of Air Transat Flight 236, which fell out of the sky when it lost all power on Aug. 24, 2001.The plane was bound from Toronto, Ontario to Lisbon, Portugal when a fuel leak in the right engine began 3 hrs and 46 min after takeoff (at 04:38 UTC). The leak went…
  • The Neuro Sci-Fi of the Near Future

    The Neurocritic
    14 Aug 2014 | 2:56 am
    NEUROTECH LIGHT AND DARK »Tweet length visions of our DARPA-funded futureThe Neurocritic has recently blogged about The Neuroscience of the Future:Neural prosthetics, brain-computer interfaces (BCI), “closed-loop” deep brain stimulation (DBS) devices, and a world without human brain disorders. The first three of these are already here... is the last one possible?Here’s a sample of Neurotech Light and Dark, a sci fi collection of 16 very short stories about neuroscience and technology, by S. Kay.A brain-computer interface controls her robotic arm. As easily as not thinking, she uses it…
  • Interview with Dr. Jan Kalbitzer, author of the "Twitter Psychosis" article

    The Neurocritic
    10 Aug 2014 | 3:13 am
    Today I'm chatting with Dr. Jan Kabitzer, a Physician and Leader of the Neurochemistry Research Group at Charité - Universitätsmedizin Berlin.Dr. Kabitzer is first author of the “Twitter Psychosis” article that made international news and took social media by storm on August 6, 2014. His provocatively titled paper, “Twitter Psychosis: A Rare Variation or a Distinct Syndrome?”(Kalbitzer et al., 2014), appeared online a week earlier in The Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease. I was struck by the title, of course, and an abstract claiming that “Twitter may have a high potential to…
  • Twitter Psychosis as a Cultural Artifact

    The Neurocritic
    31 Jul 2014 | 3:36 pm
    UPDATE (Aug 6 2014): This story has spun entirely out of control, with breathless coverage at The Daily Dot and Jezebel. Today the hapless first author told NBC News: "No, at this point Twitter psychosis is not 'real.'" And no, a woman was not committed to psychiatric hospital with ‛Twitter psychosis’! However, the general confusion created by the ensuing media circus might be what the authors were trying to get at...Study: Woman committed to psychiatric hospital with ‛Twitter psychosis’ http://t.co/dzauEfthzr— The Daily Dot (@dailydot) August 7, 2014The original post resumes…
  • The Neurocritic Critiques Critical Neuroscience

    The Neurocritic
    21 Jul 2014 | 2:46 am
    I wanted to submit a paper for the Frontiers in Human Neuroscience Research Topic on Critical Neuroscience: The context and implications of human brain research, but I couldn't decide what I should write about.Could I just submit a blog post like Professor of Literary Neuroimaging that critiqued the entrée of fMRI into Literature Departments?“So literature is abandoning Marxism and psychoanalysis in favor of neuroimaging!! Meanwhile, key neuroimagers have taken up psychoanalysis (Carhart-Harris & Friston, 2010) and socialism (Tricomi et al., 2010).”Would they accept short humorous…
 
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    The Brain from Top to Bottom Blog - Intermediate Level

  • The myth of left-brained and right-brained personalities

    Bruno Dubuc
    18 Aug 2014 | 9:59 am
    One often reads that certain functions of the human brain are lateralized—for example, that the left hemisphere is more involved in language and the right in the processing of visuospatial information. One also often hears it said that some people are left-brained (meaning that they are analytical, logical, and focused on details) while others are right-brained (more subjective and creative, with more of a tendency to see things as a whole). But according to a study published on August 14, 2013 in the online journal PLOS ONE, although there is abundant evidence for the lateralization of…
  • Daniel Wegner: An Unforgettable Scientific Contribution

    Bruno Dubuc
    23 Jul 2014 | 7:48 pm
    For many people, the name of pioneering social psychologist Daniel Wegner will always be associated with a polar bear, because he famously used an image of this animal to demonstrate how hard it is to suppress a thought if someone simply asks you not to think about it. Wegner died on July 5, 2013 at the age of 65 from amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS), a disease characterized by degeneration of the motor neurons of the spinal cord. Acknowledging his passing, the scientific community saluted him as one of the most original thinkers in his field. His friend and fellow psychologist Daniel…
  • Summer school in cognitive sciences 2014 : Web Science and the mind

    Bruno Dubuc
    1 Jul 2014 | 11:54 am
    Every two years, the Cognitive Sciences Institute of the University of Quebec at Montreal (UQAM) holds a summer school on a selected topic in the cognitive sciences. In 2010, the topic was the origin of language, in 2012 it was the evolution and function of consciousness. This summer, from July 7 to 18, 2014, the school will be holding its 5th edition, and the topic will be web science and the mind. The school will be taught and attended by international specialists on the subject of distributed cognition in the brain, between brains, and between brains and computers. The speakers at this…
  • Making the Brain Transparent To Explore It More Easily

    Bruno Dubuc
    16 Jun 2014 | 1:00 pm
    A relatively new technique can now perform the amazing feat of making a mouse’s brain completely transparent (This same technique has been tried on human brains as well, but so far has succeeded in making only parts of them transparent.) But enabling scientists to see through the brain would be merely an interesting curiosity if this technique—dubbed “Clarity” by the team that developed it—did not also preserve the brain’s entire underlying cellular and molecular structure, so that existing methods of staining and tracing nerve bundles can be applied to the brain once it has been…
  • The Variety and Structural Complexity of Neurons

    Bruno Dubuc
    27 May 2014 | 6:53 am
    The purpose of most of the posts in this blog is to summarize recent studies in the cognitive sciences and attempt to make them more accessible—in particular by providing links to selected pages on this website. But the purpose of some of the other posts is simply to draw attention to existing resources on various aspects of neuroscience. Today’s post falls in the latter category. It deals with the neuron and the work by Kristen Harris and her colleagues to reveal it in all its complexity (see the first two links below). Neurons are like any other cells in the human body, except that they…
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    Your Brain Health

  • Why working too hard impairs your thinking.

    Sarah McKay
    20 Aug 2014 | 9:36 am
    This week’s blog post comes from Rebekah Lambert. Rebekah makes her living as marketing, content creation and copywriting freelancer at Unashamedly Creative and as head of Disruption for Discordia Zine. Rebekah has just begun a mission to improve the mental health and wellness outcomes for freelancers and entrepreneurs as one half of the Hacking Happiness team. You can follow her journey […]The post Why working too hard impairs your thinking. appeared first on Your Brain Health.
  • Neuroplasticity: the battle in your brain

    Sarah McKay
    7 Aug 2014 | 1:34 pm
    Today’s blog comes from my courageous friend and fellow brain blogger, Debbie Hampton, who writes over at The Best Brain Possible. In her words her blog provides: information and inspiration for anyone with a brain and desiring to improve it. The Battle in Your Brain When Michelangelo painted the Sistine Chapel, he had to work […]The post Neuroplasticity: the battle in your brain appeared first on Your Brain Health.
  • Are music lessons the key to smarter kids?

    Sarah McKay
    17 Jul 2014 | 1:30 pm
    My 4 year-old son Jamie started piano lessons last year. This might seem a little young, but the classes are designed to make learning music fun. Jamie’s teachers use an unique multi-sensory approach that engages the different senses: auditory, visual and kinaesthetic (movement). The kids learn the notes as: do, re, mi, fa, so, etc, and each note has […]The post Are music lessons the key to smarter kids? appeared first on Your Brain Health.
  • Imagine the human brain was the size of the earth … [infographic]

    Sarah McKay
    10 Jul 2014 | 1:36 pm
    › With BIG thanks to EyeWire and Visually.  The post Imagine the human brain was the size of the earth … [infographic] appeared first on Your Brain Health.
  • July Walking Book Club – Brainwashed: the seductive appeal of mindless neuroscience

    Sarah McKay
    3 Jul 2014 | 1:00 pm
    Neuroscience seems to offer daily insights into the very core of what it means to be human. But caution is advised. I’m the first to admit its easy to fall into the trap of ‘pop’ neuroscience, neuro-hype, neuro-mania, or ‘mindless neuroscience’. Writing and communicating the complexities and nuances of neuroscience and the brain is hard. There […]The post July Walking Book Club – Brainwashed: the seductive appeal of mindless neuroscience appeared first on Your Brain Health.
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